Candi Borobudur

Borobudur is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Location of the temple is approximately 100 km south-west of Semarang, 86 km to the west of Surakarta, and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta. Stupa shaped temple was founded by the Mahayana Buddhists around AD 800-AD in the reign of an dynasty dynasty. The monument comprises six square terraces on which there are three circular courtyard, the walls are decorated with 2.672 relief and the original panel found 504 The main Buddha.Stupa teletak largest statue in the middle once crowned this building, surrounded by three circular rows 72 perforated stupa in which there is a statue of Buddha sitting cross-legged in the lotus position perfectly with mudra (attitude of the hand) Dharmachakra mudra (wheel of dharma).

This monument is a model of the universe and built as a shrine to honor the Buddha also functions as a place of pilgrimage to guide mankind to switch from natural lust to enlightenment and wisdom according to the teachings of Buddha. The pilgrims enter through the east side starting at the base of the temple ritual walk around holy building is in a clockwise direction, he continued up to the next through a three level terraces domains in Buddhist cosmology. The third level is Kamadhatu (ranah infection nafsu), Rupadhatu (the realm of intangibles), and Arupadhatu (domains do not exist). In this way of pilgrims walking through a hallway and stairs to watch no less than 1.460 beautiful relief panels are engraved on the wall and balustrade.

According to historical evidence, Borobudur was abandoned in the 14th century weakening of the influence of government over Hindu and Buddhist temples in Java as well as from the inclusion of the influence Islam.Dunia start to see the existence of this building since found 1814 oleh Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then served as Governor General of British control over Java. Since then Borobudur has suffered a series of efforts to rescue and restoration. Largest restoration project was held during the period 1975 to 1982 the efforts of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and UNESCO, and historic sites are included in the list of World Heritage Sites.

Borobudur is still used as a place of religious pilgrimage; Every year Buddhists from all over Indonesia and mancanegara gather at Borobudur to commemorate Vesak Trisuci. In the world of tourism, Borobudur is a tourist attraction in Indonesia's single most visited tourist.

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