Kota Gede Yogyakarta

Around 6 km southeast of the city of Yogyakarta, complex is an ancient settlement called Kota Gede (Big City) or Our Huge (Java Kromo). An old city of the XVI century AD that had become the capital of Islamic Mataram Kingdom. Although it has not been used as the Capital again, This city remains alive and thriving today.

Originally Ki Ageng Pemanahan establish a settlement in the region Mentaok, gift of Pajang, for his service in crushing the enemy Pajang led by the Arya. This region then called Mataram, to population centers Kota Gede. Ki Ki Huge Huge archery title until his death in Mataram 1584.
When the prestige Pajang decreased, Sutawiyaya, son and successor, eager to have their own powers and develop strength to escape from Pajang.

After Pajang be subjugated with the help Banawa, Sutawijaya establish Islamic Mataram Kingdom Government Center in Kota Gede. He called on Panembahan Alaga Sayidin Panatagama. In addition to expanding his territory,Panembahan Senopati also build Kota Gede, among others fortress city, moat (guttering), Great Mosque and the Tomb of the Great Mosque next Government. Panembahan died in 1601 and buried the complexed, near the tomb of his father.

Panembahan Senopati replaced by one of his sons, Anyakrawati Prince or Lord died in Krapyak. During his reign, he completed the development of royal tombs, build a park in the west of the Palace Danalaya, establish barn in Ivory, plant trees- pepper tree, cubeb and coconut, and make Krapyak (forest hunting) of Beringan. Prince Anyakrawati fell ill and died in 1631. Seda Panembahan ing Krapyak replaced by one son, Boost the title of Prince Sultan Agung.

During his reign, capital of the kingdom was moved to Karta, not far from Kota Gede. Nonetheless, Kota Gede the urban nature is preserved. Profession- profession that used to be part of court life continues as craft, carpentry and trade continue. So, political function Kota Gede transformed into market function. Since then came the term to refer to the city of Pasar Gede Gede.

Kota Gede can continue to survive because it has two distinctive. The first area of ‚Äč‚ÄčKota Gede regarded as inheritance because there is an ancestral graves Islamic Mataram Kingdom. Javanese attitude that respects ancestors and environmentally oriented government to make the royal tombs were always taken care of and diziarahi. Second, Kota Gede itself since become Capital of Islamic kingdom has been known as a center of industry and trade of indigenous. The function of this market remains alive after falling out of Capital Kingdom.

As a result of the agreement Giyanti 1755, Kota Gede eastern half of the territory controlled by the Surakarta and the western half of the area controlled by the Yogyakarta. Only the royal tombs area, Great Mosque and Markets managed together.
In about the year 1910, four kingdoms in the southern part of Java, namely Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Mangkunegaran and Pakualaman agreed the reform of the land tenure system and the system of government. In the system of land ownership, compliance system was changed to a system villages, where every village has the right to land. So that,- same community to set up village.

Kota Gede, once an appanage for courtiers Sultanate of Surakarta and Yogyakarta Sultanate converted into six districts and transformed into the territory of Yogyakarta in 1950 and in the 1990s was subdivided between Bantul and Yogyakarta Municipality.